RECYCLING TIRES INTO FURNITURE (outdoor and interior) AND GARDEN DECORATIONS AND MAKING BED TO PREVENT WEEDS TO THE LAND
OTHER NEW BUSINESSES

MISSION
To have an Eco-friendly products to save ecosystem

VISION
Saving the world from waste and having eco-friendly environment products.
General Slogan “There is gold in our garbage”

OBJECTIVES
• To establish the magnitude of dumped tires
• To explore creative use of scrap tires to provide raw materials usable in design of new products
• To create innovative garden decorations and furniture out of reclaimed tires
• To mount an exhibition of ideal designs using used tires as raw materials
Benefits of recycling include:
• Conserves natural resources such as wood, water and minerals
• Saves energy because less energy is used to manufacture brand new products
• Produces less greenhouse gases because industries burn fewer fossil fuels
• Recycling programs cost less than waste disposal programs
• Recycling centers create jobs
• Prevents the destruction of natural habitats
• Decreases soil erosion associated with mining and logging
• Recycling helps to limit the amount of tyre that must be produced.
• Ads jobs to the economy
• It slows the consuming of natural resources. You reduce the amount of resources needed to make the same item compared to making it without recycling
• Makes people environmentally aware
• Promotes scientific advancements in recyclable and biodegradable materials
• Makes governments and businesses choose programs and apply policies in consideration of preserving and respecting the environment.
• You can get money for what you recycle
• It saves natural resources as it takes less energy to make something with recycled material rather something new
• It saves space in landfills. The items that we recycle are not biodegradable.
• Save the earth, save animals and save humanity

PROBLEMS
Land Filing
Waste tyres are bulky and difficult to dispose because of their large size and hollow structure. Tyres generally do not decay nearly as quickly as other waste in the landfill. This is due to the process of vulcanization, a method of treating rubber with extreme heat and adding sulfur to make it extremely durable; because of this, other material around the tyre will decompose and cause the tyre to rise to the surface of the landfill .Subsequently, many landfills around the world stopped accepting waste tyres due to the aforementioned problem of size among others where the land becomes filled quickly. Shredding of the waste tyres before disposal has been suggested and tried for size reduction before disposal. The high operational costs of this process made it an unattractive option. This situation eventually leads to waste tyres becoming litters in the environment, occupying large size of land.

Human health problems
Indiscriminate and illegally discarding of waste tyres in the environment make Waste tyres reservoir of rain water hence providing breeding space for mosquitoes and other vectors of diseases like malaria, dengue and yellow fever. Other disease carrying pests such as rats c The composition of tyres include hazardous chemicals like cadmium, lead and chromium which poses further risk to human health and the environment when disposed of inappropriately into the environment. This occurs when the waste tyres are indiscriminately combusted.
Deliberate or unintentional fire problems emanating from tyre can be very difficult to extinguish especially when the pile is very huge involving about ten million waste tyres. When piles of tyres ignite, various environmental, health and social problems occur. Significant pollution such as thick, black, foul smelling smog from the burning rubber is produced. The smog from the burning tyres can cause a number of environmental problems such as: Air Pollution: Complete combustion of a tyre, will produce carbon dioxide that contribute to greenhouse effects water vapor and inert residues that may contain sulphur dioxide. Incomplete combustion release dioxins and noxious gases. Furthermore, the following substances: volatile organic compounds and hazardous air pollutants such as polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), dioxins, furans, hydrogen chloride, benzene, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), arsenic, cadmium, nickel, mercury, zinc, chromium and vanadium are released into the atmosphere.

Water Pollution:
Tyre combustion causes pyrolysis of the rubber, resulting in oily decomposition waste. The oily discharge can flow into nearby streams, ditches and waterways or can leach into the ground water. In cases where water is used to put out the fire, chemical compounds like aromatic liquids and paraffin may be carried by the water. Then the used water needs to be treated, before it is disposed of, which does not often happen in practice. The situation can pollute nearby streams or may seep into the ground water. Soil Pollution: Residues that remain on the soil after a fire can have an impact on the environment in two ways: Immediate pollution resulting from decomposing liquid products penetrating the soil. Gradual pollution caused by leaching of ash and unburned residues. Gradual leaching of oily discharge can occur and the toxic residues of the burnt tyre such as zinc salts can cause harm to fauna and flora It usually takes long time for the contaminated soil to recover unless remediation and or rehabilitation measures are taken.

Future Recommendation

Long-Term Solutions
Despite the innovations that industrial design can help bring to the table a lot more has to be done in order for this problem. To be fully tackled awareness has to be created about the impending crisis that may result to a tyre waste crisis in a few years considering more and more people are buying cars. I believe in future government municipal council will in charge of the tyres in the CBD and can provide solutions in the following ways:

Creation of wrecking yards
A wreck yard, salvage yard, breakers yard (sometimes known as a scrapheap) is the location of a dismantling business where wrecked or decommissioned vehicles are brought, their usable parts are sold and the unusable metal parts known as scrap metals sold to metal recycling companies. A sector should be set aside for tyres. Tyres should be arranged in groups of tyres that can be sold for re-treading, for recycling, and for second hand sales. Many salvage yards operate on a local level in industrialized countries. When the tyres are beyond second hand selling the owner may sell them to the junkyard or exchange them for new ones. Most yards have computerized inventory systems which allow customers to phone in and get spare tyres or spare parts from the junkyard.

Public campaigns
Sensitizing the public on environmental awareness on the dumping of tyre waste and the pollution the waste tyres cause on different situations. People should be aware that waste tyres are harmful to the environment. The government should also introduce a class on environmental pollution in the 844 system so that as kids grow up they learn more about environmental pollution.

Creation of Art Centres for recycling.
There should be art centres which practice recycling and other types of arts. These centres will also be able to create employment and other opportunities for people in the communities.
THANK YOU